A website's back-end consists of processes that a user cannot see, such as a server providing data on request and databases that organize information.
Python back-end web frameworks, in the same way as Python, have easy-to-read syntax and are object-oriented and scalable. With these frameworks, developers don’t need to worry about low-level details like sockets and protocols.
In this article, four of the top Python back-end web frameworks are introduced, with their features, advantages and disadvantages highlighted as well. The aim of this article is to help you pick a back-end framework for your next web application or website.
Top 4 Python Back-end Web Frameworks
Django is the most popular Python web framework for rapid web development. It helps experienced developers save time by allowing them to focus on their website’s content rather than coding from scratch.
- SEO optimized
- Robust template system
- Object-relational mapper
- Automatic admin interface
- Highly scalable and secure
- Rapid development to get an MVP
- Batteries included to avoid coding from scratch
- Large community that can provide answers to questions
- Comprehensive documentation that helps beginners get started
- Has a steep learning curve
- Not good for complex websites
- Lack of a set of principles developers can follow
Flask is a micro web framework built with Python. It’s considered a micro web framework because it lacks certain features such as an object-relational mapper.
- URL routing
- Jinja template
- Unicode support
- Integrated unit testing
- Werkzeug WSGI compliance
- Easily scalable
- Suitable for small projects
- Trouble-free web development
- Fewer tools to work with
- Slower development process to get an MVP
- More complicated maintenance for larger projects
Cherrypy is a minimalist web framework. It allows developers to build web applications with smaller source codes and less time. It is a microframework as well.
- Built-in server
- Testing support
- CRUD functionality
- MVC and OOP based
- Easily modifiable
- Code reusability (you can save code snippets in Pieces)
- Lack of comprehensive documentation
TurboGears is another Python web framework that is scalable. It starts as a microframework and can scale up to a full-stack framework.
- Multi-database support
- Object-relational mapper
- MVC pattern architecture
- Standard WSGI components
- WSGI friendly
- Highly scalable
- Data partitioning support
- Ability to create pluggable applications
- Expansion of the framework can be stressful
- Lack of complete documentation and error messages
Products are as good as the tools used to build them. By knowing the features, pros and cons of the web frameworks listed above, it’s easier to pick a suitable tool for your next project, whether it’s an MVP, a simple project or a complex project.